The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

All STDs are transmitted from person to person when sexual activity happens between them with unprotected sexual contact putting people even more at risk. If you have more than one sexual partner, doctors recommend that you have regular medical check-ups which you can do at a genitourinary medicine clinic (GUM), at a health clinic or with your doctor at their surgery. A correct early diagnosis and treatment is recommended even if you don’t suffer from any of the typical symptoms associated with an STD. Below is a list of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and why you need a quick diagnosis and treatment.

Practising safe sex is essential but knowing all the facts about STDs is too

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Chlamydia

One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, chlamydia is very easily passed from person to person during sexual intercourse. The problem with chlamydia is that very often people don’t even know they have an infection because they don’t experience any of the typical symptoms associated with this particular STD. If a person has lots of different sexual partners, the disease is quickly passed on to many more unsuspecting people.

Women

Women who have contracted chlamydia can experience pain and a burning sensation when they urinate. Other symptoms of the disease are vaginal discharge and pain in the lower part of the abdomen both during and after sex. Women may also experience bleeding when they have sex and maybe afterwards too and this is in between their normal periods. Chlamydia may also cause a woman to have much heavier periods.

Men

Men with a chlamydia infection experience pain and a burning sensation when they urinate. Other typical symptoms include a cloudy, white or watery discharge from the tip of their penis and their testicles are sore and tender.

Both men and women can be infected in their back passages (rectums) as well as their throats and eyes should they have touched the infected genitals of their partner and then their eyes.

A urine test will determine if a person is infected with chlamydia or a swab can be taken from the infected area. Treatment is by way of antibiotics but if left untreated, the infections can turn into some very long-term health issues which include infertility in both men and women.

Prevention is better than cure with STD’s

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Genital Warts

Genital warts appear around or on a person’s anal and genital area and are small growths or bumps caused by HPC, the human papilloma virus. People don’t feel any pain with the warts although they can turn itchy and red which occasionally causes bleeding. This particular STD can be passed to person to person even if they don’t have penetrative sex due to the fact it is spread by skin contact with a person who is already infected with the virus.

When it comes to treatments, there are several available which includes specific creams and cryotherapy which freezes the warts.

Genital herpes

This particular STD is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and is the same virus that causes cold sores. A few people develop certain symptoms not long after they have been infected with small and quite painful sores and blisters appearing which cause discomfort when urinating. The virus can remain dormant for a long time after you have been infected but then get triggered by something causing the symptoms to reappear although subsequent infections are usually less painful.

There is no known cure for genital herpes but the symptoms can be controlled by way of antiviral medication. When testing for HSV, it is much easier if a person is showing symptoms than not.

Gonorrhoea

This is another STD which is caused by a bacteria and which is very easily passed from person to person when they have sexual contact. Around 50% of women don’t experience any symptoms and with men the figure stands at 10%. However, if there are any symptoms present, women will feel a lot of pain and discomfort as well as a burning sensation when they urinate. Other symptoms are a vaginal discharge, discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen both during and after sex. They may also experience bleeding when they have sex and in between their periods which as a result of the infection can be a lot heavier.

Where men are concerned, the symptoms can cause discomfort and a burning sensation when they urinate. Other symptoms are a yellow, white or green discharge from the tip of their penis and their testicles are painful and tender.

Both men and women can contract gonorrhoea in the rectum (back passage) as well as their throats and eyes should they touch them after having touched their partners infected genitals because the bacteria is found in seminal and vaginal fluid.

A simple urine test can establish if a person is infected with gonorrhoea or a swab can be taken from the infected area. Treatment is by way of antibiotics but if left untreated, the infection can soon turn into very long-term health issues, which include infertility in both men and women.

Conclusion

If you think you have been infected with either a bacterial or viral sexually- transmitted disease, you need to get a correct diagnosis as soon as you can so that a treatment can commence. The earlier an STD is treated the better and reduces the chances of further health issues further down the line.

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